Mohammad The Messenger of Peace
The messenger of peace
Biography of Prophet Mohammad 570-633
Dr. Mohamad Habash
Translated by Ruba Ajdad
32th Arabic editions
Introduction of the English edition
We feel honored to present to our respectable readers the English edition of the biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) after it has been published more than 30 times in Arabic and after the publication of the Romanian version which was adopted by the University of Craiova as a source for introducing the Prophet of Islam to the world.
It is high time for us that we present a correct conception of the Prophet of Islam amidst the hustle and bustle taking place between the East and the West nowadays, particularly after the break out of the bloody uprisings in the Middle East against dictatorships and oppressive regimes.
Those uprisings have unfortunately turned into ferocious confrontations between oppressive regimes and furious Islamic movements that resulted in the emergence of the most extreme religious interpretations that were activated in order to face the violence carried out by dictatorships against the rebellious peoples.
In the last years many armed organizations like Al-Qaeda, Boko Haram, ISIS and others were created to present a bloody example of introducing Islam to the world which negatively affected the image of Islam and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
In the wake of the spread of these organizations many books and studies that connect Islam to terrorism were published and became common after extremists offered them a free hand to support their claims about Islam as a furious religion that adopts violence and force. Those books portrayed Islam as a belief that imposes itself by means of terror and horror.
In the last three years we witnessed the emergence of ISIS under an Islamic banner that was followed by the declaration of Islamic Caliphate in the Iraqi city of Al-Mosel.
The results were tragic after this terrorist entity committed a series of bloody massacres causing the displacement of thousands of local people and spreading horrific news about atrocities that were carried out under the pretext of implementing Sharia Law.
It was really shocking that ISIS was keen on presenting proofs on their claims about implementing Sharia law that was, as they believe, related to stories taken from the Prophet’s life. Those brutal practices were committed on daily bases until the image of Islam in the world became associated with violence and oppression.
So, was Islam really a message of horror and terror?
Did Prophet Muhammad really make people embrace Islam by sword and war?
This biography of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) offers the readers a different answer; however, before going into more details I should mention that this biography was written 25 years ago. It only included a historical narration of the events in the Prophet’s life in an easy language that brought together the main narrations of main historians without any personal interference concerning examining those narrations or criticizing them.
In this biography I will keep the narration as it was written by historians in order to provide readers the access to the biography of the Prophet as it is in the books adopted by the public of narrators, and to emphasize the role of this book in the narration, with reference in the margin to some events that should be reviewed.
I would like herein to attract the attention of my dear readers to the following facts:
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) actually led a life full of political and religious struggle and he succeeded in establishing both a religion and a state. This success has always triggered a continuous arguments among religious scholars and has imposed strict responsibilities in relation to distinguishing between what is religious and what is political in the Prophet’s noble struggle.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) tried to establish his state five times, first in Mecca, then in Al-Taif, Habashah( Ethiopia) and the city of Al-Hira and finally in Al-Medina. He has failed in the four attempts and succeeded in the fifth, but both Muslim and non-Muslim historians agree that the Prophet never used any weapon in his five attempts despite being persecuted, tortured and forced to migrate with his companions who were sometimes even murdered His struggle remained peaceful and democratic until it succeeded after thirteen years of establishing the state in Al-Madina relying on the democratic majority that supported him through the main two tribes of Alus and Khazraj.
All what was mentioned about the violence and invasions in the Prophet’s biography occurred after the establishment of the state and took place in the context of its defensive responsibilities, and in the vicinity of its geographical location which means that it was the state which created the army but not the army that made the state, not to mention that it was the Prophet’s national responsibility to protect his city and those who believe in him and his faith in addition to his allies.
The attitude of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) towards slaves and slavery in general was clearly expressed through rejecting slavery and calling for liberating slaves. This is precisely what made the leaders of Quraish reject Muhammad’s message that called for equality between slaves and gentlemen. In a different argument about the same issue the stories that were narrated about enslaving many captives during the three days that followed the incursions of Almstalq, Khaybar and Hunayn, they all ended weeks after the battle. In the battle of Hunayn that took place in the Prophet’s last days, thousands of women fell captives under his army’s control but none of them was allowed to be enslaved and they were all returned to their families. However, there is one day that remains in the history of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) which is the day of Bani Quraizah that needs to be reviewed and scrutinized, and I do admit that what I wrote in this book no longer satisfies me after I found out that there is a lot of exaggeration in the common narrations about that battle and I will refer to this point in its place of this book.
As for the claims about Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) of being polygamist and having many wives to satisfy his sexual desire, I would like to refer to the analysis that was written by the American historian Will Durant in his famous book The Story of Civilization in which he said: “Prophet Muhammad married ten women and had two concubines, this point was the source of surprise, envy, commentary and praise by the Westerners, but we must always mention that the high mortality rate of males among these Semitic tribes in the old age and the beginning of the Middle Ages made polygamy an unavoidable reality and a moral duty for these Semites. For Prophet Muhammad polygamous marriage was an ordinary and acceptable phenomenon”.
This is in brief the most important points I intended to mention in this book. I would further to note that after this book I wrote a series of analytical studies about the Prophet’s biography, which do not come out in general from these narratives but which are presented in a critical and analytical spirit committed to the principles of freedom and human rights:
Prophet for Humanity in 2005, The Struggle of the Prophets for Freedom and Independence in 2005, The Democratic Prophet in 2006, The Women in the Life of Muhammad in 2008, and The House of the Messenger of Allah in 2012, Islam and Diplomacy in 2014, Heroes of Peace in Islam in 2016.
I would like to express my deepest thanks to the young translator Ruba Agadad who completed the translation of the book and would extend my thanks to the well-known translator Jamal Mamo who has generously re-reviewed and adapted the translation.
I would like also to extend my thanks to Lambert Publication House in Germany for this courageous initiative in publishing this book in English. This step will certainly be part of its noble mission in spreading the ideas of love and peace in the world and building a civilized dialogue on a constructive basis.
Newton said: “Man built a lot of walls but few bridges.” So, let’s make our mission today building as many bridges as we can.
ADU University – UAE
College of law